10 Things You Need to Know about Menstrual Cycle28 April 2016
Menstrual bleeding is one of the indications that reproductive system is working
Menstrual bleeding is a condition. A woman’s body produces an in utero tissue to prepare itself to a pregnancy and when this doesn’t happen, the body itself gets rid of this tissue. It can be said that if a woman is having a regular menstrual bleeding every month, this shows that reproductive system is working and hormones are being released in sufficient levels.
It is important that menstrual bleeding is regular
The period between beginning of a menstrual bleeding to next menstrual bleeding is called menstrual cycle. Although this time period is 28 days for normal healthy women who are in their reproductive age, this period may vary between 21-35 days. When a menstrual cycle happens regularly every month, this indicates that a person’s reproductive hormones are being released regularly.
Regular menstrual cycle also means that ovulation is regular
Every woman is born with an ovular reserve. With the beginning of their menstrual cycle, they ovulate once a month. Under normal circumstances, a menstrual cycle between 21-35 days let us know if the ovulation takes place. If a woman’s menstrual cycle is irregular, shorter or longer than expected, it can be considered that ovulation is irregular.
Birth control pills causes irregularity on menstrual periods
Birth control pills contains hormones that prevents from ovulation, therefore women who use these pills have irregular menstrual cycles. Women who don’t get their periods for long periods of time have shorter menstrual bleedings when they do get their periods.
Delays in menstrual bleeding could be an indication for pregnancy
Women who have their menstrual bleedings regularly get pregnancy tests when they have a few weeks of delay in their menstrual cycle. This is because that it is normal for women to get pregnant if they have no health issues and are having sex without protection.
Occasional delay in menstrual bleeding does not constitute a problem
Regular menstrual bleedings in certain time periods is the optimum case. However, on condition that it is not often, delays in menstrual bleeding should not be reviewed as trouble or as a health issue. Sometimes, even climatic changes or small changes in food regimen may cause early or late menstrual bleedings.
Often menstrual cycle irregularities can be an indication of an health issue
During first few years of hitting puberty and menopause, there may be irregularities in menstrual bleedings. These cases are considered as expected. But, if a woman in reproductive stage of her life is often having delay and irregularity in menstrual cycle, a physiologic or hormonal sickness should be considered and should be advised by a doctor and get treatment as soon as possible. This is because there may be future problems for couples that are planning to have a baby.
Overflow during menstrual bleeding is absolutely an unusual state
If a woman is having her menstrual bleedings between 4-7 days and change their sanitary pads in every 3-4 hours, this is considered usual. However, if the bleeding is shorter than three or more than seven days and the necessity to change the pads in every two hours, this is an indication for an extraordinary and unhealthy situation. In these cases, abnormal occurrences such as hormonal irregularities, infection, polyps and myoma may be considered. In these abnormal cases, people should seek medical advice as soon as possible.
Menstrual cycle pains are caused by muscle walls’ spasms
A lot of women feel pain before and during their menstrual cycles. Because menstrual bleedings are the process of shedding the utero wall tissue, there needs to be spasm and relaxation of the muscles in utero. This process brings pain with it. A hormone called prostaglandin triggers these muscle spams. Some women feel severe pain while some women get through this period as light as possible because of prostaglandin levels in their bodies. This is because prostaglandin levels are directly proportional with menstrual bleeding pain.
Menstrual cycles pains can be relived at home with simple steps
Some women feel intense abdominal and inguinal pains during their periods. For severe pain that affects social and daily life, medical advice and consultation should be sought out. However, less intense pains can be treated by wrapping a warm towel to abdomen and waist, having a warm shower, walking if one’s sitting or laying down if one’s standing too much.